Crying Hands Chapter One continued...
banner Schmähl, O. The Deaf-mute. Congress Proceedings (1933).

Gower, E. "Genetic Considerations in the Education of the Deaf." JDE (1933).

Hild, H. "Sense and Mission of the School for the Deaf in the New State." JDE (1933).

Schumann, P. "The Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases and Its Basis." JDE (1933).

Such publications by teachers, and their activities in support of race hygiene programs, fed the anxiety of students at deaf institutions. They feared that their instructors would report them under the sterilization law. Schumann wrote, for example, that "German teachers of the deaf . . . were well disposed to eugenic measures because of fresh daily experiences with their distinctive and difficult material." In 1933, a teacher of the deaf urged the inclusion of individual teachers' associations in the larger organization of the National Socialist Teachers Confederation, calling for "a change in the work of welfare, whose mission . . . extends to serious genetics questions. We shall have to take a stand on these issues and, by our incorporation in the National Socialist Teachers Confederation, will do so unequivocally in the sense of National Socialism."

In a 1933 essay on marriage counseling and genealogical research, Weinert proposed the establishment of "marriage counseling centers at individual institutions for the deaf." He also promoted questionnaires on heredity and "a card registry of all the hereditarily diseased" at the deaf schools, for, in his opinion, "the facts of heredity force us to practical counter-measures." He characterized the questionnaires, though, as innocuous, "more like preparatory, facilitating measures. They are an extension of the files established on all families with hereditary hearing impairment."

Weinert also commented on the effectiveness of "practical counter-measures" to deafness in the same essay. "The surest is sterilization," he wrote, raising the question of what the true goal of his "marriage counseling centers" was to be. He proudly announced that eight hereditarily hearing-impaired persons had submitted to sterilization between 1930 and 1932. In all, "through the offices of the marriage counseling center [in Dresden under Professor Fetscher] 65 sterilizations have been effected since 1929."

Weinert pursued his program in consistent fashion. The model of "marriage counseling" that he had conceived in 1933 was followed by the model of a larger "marriage agency." In an essay, he gave an account of a trial marriage agency for hearing-impaired Germans, established along racially hygienic lines, which he set up at the request of the Federal Committee for Public Health Service and the Race Policy Authority in the province of Saxony.

In another essay, Weinert described the success of the race-hygienic care of hearing-impaired people in Saxony. He particularly emphasized the value of the explanatory lectures that had been given by officials of the Race Policy Authority. In support of his "enlightening activity," he was allocated 1,000 marks by the Federal Committee for Public Health Service, for which he presented on February 14, 1935, an account of expenditures totaling 722.63 marks. The expense account noted that with these resources a total of fifty-one lectures had been given under the direction of the senior teacher of the deaf, "Herr Weinert of Dresden."

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