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American Annals of the Deaf

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Deaf Professionals and Designated Interpreters: A New Paradigm

Peter C. Hauser, Karen L. Finch,
and Angela B. Hauser, Editors

Part One
Designated Interpreting

The Deaf Professional-Designated Interpreter Model

Angela B. Hauser and Peter C. Hauser

Since the advent of Public Law 94-142 (Education for All Handicapped Children Act), Public Law 101-336 (Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990), the emergence of sign language linguistic studies, and the Deaf President Now movement, more deaf people have moved into a relatively new frontier—that of receiving high levels of education and professional positions. This book consists of chapters written by deaf professionals and interpreters who work in a variety of settings such as medical, legal, and education. The purpose of this edited volume is to encourage and inform sign language interpreting students, practicing interpreters, and deaf professionals of current practices in this nontraditional interpreting situation in which the deaf professional is the person in power and the recipient of services is the hearing person.

This volume’s chapters candidly explore the deaf professionals’ and designated interpreters’ experiences, advice, ideas, anecdotes, expectations, and resources to provide insight into the relationships between them in specific disciplines with respect to ethics and the interpreting processes. General themes that the chapters focus on include (a) how deaf professionals describe their interpreting needs; (b) what strategies teams of deaf professionals and their interpreters have developed to make the process work well within their discipline; (c) setting-specific (i.e., medical, legal, etc.) and situation-specific (i.e., social, meeting, etc.) demands; and (d) issues that arise (power, boundaries, ethics, etc.). This chapter summarizes the themes that are common across the other chapters and proposes the Deaf Professional–Designated Interpreter Model.

The Deaf Professional–Designated Interpreter Model presents a relatively new paradigm of interpreting. Any individual and interpreter who have worked together for a significant period of time have developed some specific interpreting techniques, most likely without realizing it. As evident in this volume of chapters written by deaf professionals and designated interpreters, there are deaf professionals working closely with designated interpreters in various countries and disciplines. The purpose of this chapter, as well as this volume, is to bring together a collection of stories, thoughts, and studies on deaf professional–designated interpreter relationships. This collection sheds light on the practices in this emerging paradigm.

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