Pinky

Part One continued...
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TABLE 3. Occurrences of PE by Handshape
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Hand
Configuration
Number of
Occurrences
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A 24
bent B 13
bent B th. ext. 6
L 1
flat O 1
1 31
bent 1 12
bent 5 3
X 9
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the hand (e.g., CONTINUE, LAZY) or extended and touching the hand (e.g., TOLERATE). I would suggest that this constraint may be necessary to prevent merging with the handshape 1.

Finally, there were no occurrences of PE with rounded handshapes such as 0 or C. The flat 0 configuration of move, however, did permit extension. Thus it appears that, if the fingers are all specified for a nonclosed position, the fingers must be in a bent or flattened position to permit PE. PE cannot occur if the fingers are specified for either fully extended (e.g., PROVE) or rounded positions (e.g. BE-WIDE-AWAKE).

SYNTACTIC CATEGORY

The data suggest that syntactic category is also a constraint. Table 4 shows the occurrences of PE by syntactic category. As Table 4 indicates, of the 100 occurrences of PE, 99 occurred with verbs. Clearly, this suggests that syntactic category is a constraint or, at the very least, another process is at work causing PE to co-occur with verbs.

It should be noted that signs such as LAZY, SUCKER, and NOT-GUILTY were classified as verbs. In ASL these lexemes can act as adjectival and nominal predicates. Two examples from the data illustrate this usage:

PRO-3 LAZY PRO-3.
"He is LAZY."
PRO-1 SUCKER. PAY FULL S-E-A-S-0-N
"I am a sucker. I paid for a full season."

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