Part One continued...|
Finally, there were no occurrences of PE with rounded handshapes such as 0 or C. The flat 0 configuration of move, however, did permit extension. Thus it appears that, if the fingers are all specified for a nonclosed position, the fingers must be in a bent or flattened position to permit PE. PE cannot occur if the fingers are specified for either fully extended (e.g., PROVE) or rounded positions (e.g. BE-WIDE-AWAKE).
The data suggest that syntactic category is also a constraint. Table 4 shows the occurrences of PE by syntactic category. As Table 4 indicates, of the 100 occurrences of PE, 99 occurred with verbs. Clearly, this suggests that syntactic category is a constraint or, at the very least, another process is at work causing PE to co-occur with verbs.
It should be noted that signs such as LAZY, SUCKER, and NOT-GUILTY were classified as verbs. In ASL these lexemes can act as adjectival and nominal predicates. Two examples from the data illustrate this usage:
PRO-3 LAZY PRO-3.