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Sign Language Studies

American Annals of the Deaf

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A New Civil Right: Telecommunications Equality for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Americans

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66. “Captioned TV Audience More Than 335,000,” GA-SK 15 (spring 1984): 14.

67. “A Dramatic Increase in Closed-Captioned Television News,” NCI News (October 24, 1984).

68. “Hyatt Hotels Offer Guests Captioned TV,” Caption (fall 1984); 4.

69. Karen Peltz Strauss, “Television, Telephones, and TDDs. . . access is the issue!” Gallaudet Today (spring 1985): 17–21.

70. Ibid.

71. “NCI Wants 4000 Members in its 1986 NCI Caption Club,” Caption (fall 1985): 5; see also “NCI Caption Club—Outstanding Success Story,” Caption (fall 1984): 5. By fall 1993, the club’s members would number over 14,000. “NCI Caption Club Celebrates Its Tenth Anniversary,” GA-SK 24 (fall 1983): 18.

72. See, for example, IRS Ruling 80-340, the product of legislation introduced by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) and Representative David Bonior (D-Mich.) in the fall of 1984. See “Facts to Keep in Mind About,” nci for your information (January 4, 1985): 2.

73. Lottie Gatewood, “Television-Caption II: A More Affordable Decoder is Here,” Caption (fall 1985): 1, 4.

74. “TeleCaption II Decoders,” GA-SK 17 (spring 1986): 5, 16.

75. “General Information About the Closed-Captioning Services,” nci for your information (July 1987): 3. Showtime/TMovieC, HBO/Cinemax, and the Disney Channel were the primary cable stations participating in the captioning program at this time.

76. Robert Davila, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, letter to Sy DuBow, NCLD, March 23, 1990.

77. COED, Frank Bowe, ed., Toward Equality: Education of the Deaf, (Washington D.C.: GPO, 1988), 112.

78. Ibid., 120, Recommendation 42.

79. Ibid., 119.

80. Ibid., 116–17, Recommendation 40.


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