Reconceptualizing Interpreting Performance Assessment
Elizabeth A. Winston, Robert G. Lee, Christine Monikowski,
There is a longstanding need for valid, reliable measurements of interpreting competence. Although rubrics and checklists are commonly used in both academic and employment settings, a review of available rubrics indicates that many do not focus on interpreting performance. Traditional metrics for sign language interpreting often conflate language proficiency with interpreting proficiency. Conflating fundamental aspects of language in use—vocabulary, grammar, and prosody—with fundamental aspects of interpretation—content, intent, and monitoring—compromises the valid assessment of interpreting proficiency. Beyond Equivalence: Reconceptualizing Interpreting Performance Assessment argues for a shift toward more nuanced and evidence-based conceptualizations of interpreting, communication, and meaning to improve the creation and use of rubrics for assessment in interpreter education, certification, and professional development.
This inaugural volume in the Currents series introduces a rubric and accompanying scale, which can be used to assess both simultaneous and consecutive interpreting performance in terms of both process and product, in both signed and spoken language interpreting, and in a variety of settings. Beyond Equivalence offers an appreciation of the multivarious nature of meaning in the interpreting process and presents a new paradigm for the measurement of interpreting proficiency.
Elizabeth A. Winston is Director of the Teaching Interpreting Educators and Mentors (TIEM) Center in Loveland, CO.
Robert G. Lee is an Associate Academic Specialist in the American Sign Language & Interpreting Education Program at Northeastern University in Boston, MA.
Christine Monikowski is Professor Emeritus, Department of ASL and Interpreting Education, National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, NY.
Rico Peterson is Professor and Assistant Dean and Director of the Department of Access Services at National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, NY.
Laurie Swabey is Professor of Interpreting and Director of the CATIE Center at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, MN.